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The Ten Essentials for Survival


The special items most hikers believe should always be with you:
  1. Map
  2. Compass
  3. Flashlight/headlamp
  4. Extra food
  5. Extra clothing
  6. Sunglasses
  7. First aid supplies
  8. Pocket knife
  9. Matches
  10. Fire starter
This compilation comes from Mountaineering: Freedom of the Hills. The Mountaineers.

One thing I would add to this list is a wrist watch. If you know approx. how long it takes you to travel 1 kilometre in the bush you can determine if you have missed it or not by how long you have been walking.

Using a Watch as a Compass

A watch with hands will also help you find out what direction you are traveling. Hold the watch in a horizontal position and point the hour hand towards the sun. The mid-point between the hour hand and 12:00 is South. If you are on Summer Time take the mid-point between the hour pointing towards the sun and 1:00 o'clock to compensate for the 1 hour difference.